Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when there is an excess of uric acid in the body. This excess can lead to the formation of urate crystals in the joints, which can cause inflammation, pain, and swelling. One of the key factors in managing gout is proper hydration. Here’s why:

Firstly, hydration helps to flush out excess uric acid from the body. When the body is adequately hydrated, the kidneys are able to work more efficiently to remove uric acid from the bloodstream. This can help to prevent the build-up of urate crystals and reduce the risk of gout attacks.

Reduces The Severity of Gout Attacks

In addition to helping to remove excess uric acid, proper hydration can also reduce the severity of gout attacks. When the body is dehydrated, the blood becomes thicker and more sticky. This can make it more difficult for the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the affected joint, which can increase inflammation and pain. By staying hydrated, you can help to maintain normal blood flow and reduce the severity of gout attacks.

There is also some evidence to suggest that hydration can help to reduce the risk of developing gout in the first place. One study found that men who drank at least two liters of water per day had a significantly lower risk of developing gout compared to those who drank less. While more research is needed to confirm this finding, it does suggest that proper hydration may play a role in preventing gout.

The Role Of Hydration In Gout Management

How Much Water Is Enough

So, how much water should you be drinking to manage gout? The general recommendation is to drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day, or about two liters. This is known as the “8×8” rule. It’s also a good idea to drink more water during hot weather or when you are physically active, as you will lose more fluids through sweat.

It’s worth noting that while water is the best choice for hydration, other beverages can also contribute to your daily fluid intake. This includes non-alcoholic drinks like coffee, tea, and fruit juice, as well as foods that contain a high water content, such as fruit and vegetables. Just be sure to limit your intake of sugary drinks, as these can increase the risk of gout.


Proper hydration is an important factor in managing gout. By drinking at least two liters of water per day, you can help to flush out excess uric acid and reduce the severity of gout attacks. Additionally, proper hydration may also help to reduce the risk of developing gout in the first place. So, be sure to drink plenty of water and other hydrating beverages to keep your body in top shape.